Stimulus bill includes big money for science

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 02:17 PM GMT am 25. Februar 2009

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The $789 billion stimulus package passed by Congress and signed into law on February 13 gives some $21.5 billion for scientific research and development across all agencies, according to the American Association for the Advancement of Science. "The stimulus package is a singular event in the history of science funding," said John Marburger, former presidential science adviser and head of the Office of Science and Technology Policy under George W. Bush. Indeed, the coming year will be a good year to be a graduate student. The extra $3 billion given to the National Science Foundation will go to fund a wide variety of scientific research at universities.

According to an article in last week's Nature magazine, here is a breakdown on who gets what among the government's scientific agencies:

National Science Foundation
Stimulus: $3 billion
2008 budget: $6.1 billion

Highlights: $2.5 billion will go towards external research grants, including $300 million for instrumentation. A separate allowance of $400 million will go to construction of major facilities.

Department of Energy
Stimulus: About $40 billion
2008 budget: $23.9 billion

Highlights: Includes $11 billion for the electric grid, $5 billion for weatherproofing homes, $3.4 billion for fossil energy R&D and $2 billion for battery research. The Office of Science, which funds basic research, receives $1.6 billion. A separate $400 million will kick-start the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.

NASA
Stimulus: $1 billion
2008 budget: $17.2 billion

Highlights: $400 million for science. The joint House-Senate Conference report specifies that "Funding is included herein to accelerate the development of the tier 1 set of Earth science climate research missions recommended by the National Academies Decadal Survey and to increase the agency's supercomputing capabilities". Another $400 million could be spent on rocket development to shrink a "gap" in human spaceflight capability caused by retirement of the space shuttle.

The bill also specifies, "The conference agreement includes $50,000,000 for cross agency support. In allocating these funds, NASA shall give its highest priority to restore NASA-owned facilities damaged from hurricanes and other natural disasters occurring during calendar year 2008."

It is uncertain whether NASA will try to replace the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) satellite, which crashed into the ocean near Antarctica yesterday when the satellite failed to separate from its booster rocket. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory would have been a big help in determining how CO2 cycles between the atmosphere, ocean, and biosphere. Fortunately, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) successfully launched a related satellite, the Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite IBUKI (GOSAT), on January 23. GOSAT focuses primarily on carbon dioxide and methane sources.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Stimulus: $830 million
2008 budget: $3.9 billion

Highlights:
The joint House-Senate Conference report specifies that "$600,000,000 should be spent for construction and repair of NOAA facilities, ships and equipment, to improve weather forecasting and to support satellite development. Of the amounts provided, $170,000,000 shall address critical gaps in climate modeling and establish climate data records for continuing research into the cause, effects and ways to mitigate climate change."

National Institutes of Health
Stimulus: $10 billion
2008 budget: $29.6 billion

National Institute of Standards and Technology
Stimulus: $580 million
2008 budget: $737 million

The money must be spent quickly
Agencies have 60 days to present spending plans to the White House. The money must be spent quickly, with most of the spending required to be completed by September 30, 2010. There is no money earmarked for hurricane science, but the $600 million in NOAA's slice of the pie to help support satellite development could go towards a new QuikSCAT satellite, which would be a big help for marine forecasts and our ability to detect developing tropical storms. The main area hurricane science could use some stimulus money is for basic research into the hurricane intensification problem. I hope NOAA, NASA, and NSF see fit to spend part of the windfall on the people and computers needed to tackle this vital need. I'll have more on the subject of hurricane research progress and needs next week, when I'll be blogging from the 63rd Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference in Tampa, Florida.

You can find the full text of the stimulus bill at the White House web site.

Jeff Masters

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I am also trying something new with these link
Display Current
Member Since: Oktober 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
not this year orca maybe next year the heat is coming in the long term by 15 march we should finally start to see above ten degrees thats 50 for friends south of us one last real cold spell that will be it i hope
Member Since: Juli 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53841
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
its ok orca spring is coming no matter what winter has planned spring will here soon


Spring is suppose to be here in January, so we can laugh at you having snow and freezing cold :( I should be planting by now and mowing the lawn
Member Since: Oktober 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
hey keep i did not post the hole thing here it is



round 1

90L be came ARTHUR

91L bust

92L be came BERTHA

93L bust

94L be came DOLLY

95L bust

96L be came CRISTOBAL

97L bust

98L bust

99L bust


round 2

90L bust

91L be came ED

92L be comes Fay

93L bust

94L be comes Gustav

95L be comes HANNA

96L bust

97L be comes IKE

98L bust

99L be comes JOSEPHINE


round 3


90L bust

91L bust

92L bust

93L be comes KYLE

94L bust ???

95L be comes LAURA

96L be comes Marco

97L be comes NANA

98L be comes OMAR

99L be comes TD 16


round 4

90L bust

91L bust

92L bust

93L be comes PALOMA

94L bust

95L bust

96L bust

97L ???




dos any one re call what 97L be come in round 4????
Member Since: Mai 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 115125
its ok orca spring is coming no matter what winter has planned spring will be here soon
Member Since: Juli 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53841
Can anyone help me out a little???,I'll be
going up to NYC in 2 weeks,does anyone have any links to longer term weather trend forcasts,I'm trying to find out if there w/be a deep trough and colder weather or a ridge w/a bit warmer weather????,I'm hoping for a Nor'easter while I'm up there!!!!
Member Since: Oktober 5, 2007 Posts: 20 Comments: 4970
we made it to 90l of fourth round with letter p
Member Since: Juli 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53841
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
hear its been nice out there orca


Call for F&S, darn forecasters should be taken out and .....
Member Since: Oktober 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
maybe a full four rounds this year taz
Member Since: Juli 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53841
Quoting hurristat:
The NHC has finished with their postseason reports... they have both the EPac and the Atlantic finished... the maps are up... and that possible subtropical storm is not in the database...

here's the official track map:




yes that possible subtropical storm that is not in the database could be 94L in round 3




see here




round 1

90L be came ARTHUR

91L bust

92L be came BERTHA

93L bust

94L be came DOLLY

95L bust

96L be came CRISTOBAL

97L bust

98L bust

99L bust


round 2

90L bust

91L be came ED

92L be comes Fay

93L bust

94L be comes Gustav

95L be comes HANNA

96L bust

97L be comes IKE

98L bust

99L be comes JOSEPHINE


round 3


90L bust

91L bust

92L bust

93L be comes KYLE

94L bust ???

95L be comes LAURA

96L be comes Marco

97L be comes NANA

98L be comes OMAR

99L be comes TD 16



cant wait too do this come june wounder how many rounds we will do this year
Member Since: Mai 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 115125
klad

spam is punishable with a 24 hr ban from site please stop spamming site you posted 4 times i report 4 times simple no exceptions
Member Since: Juli 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53841
Quoting presslord:


You meant, of course, to say "us" old timers....


Now now.. we both know I am much younger then you :)
Member Since: Oktober 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
Quoting conchygirl:

DJIA
-151.57
-2.06%
Little that was said last night is going to put money into investors' pockets in the egregiously intense way that the "grind-em into the ground" economics of the last few years have done. Why would they approve?

Also, investors are [wisely] cautious about the viability of the stimulus plan, because they have been massively burned by promises from politicians [though different ones] of late. U are likely to see the DJIA response remain cool until there is concrete evidence that something besides hope is actually being stimulated.

Remember, this stimulus plan is NOT a Wall St. plan; it's designed to stimulate small and medium business first.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting captainhunter:


I see this as partial vindication of the former NHC director.
Problem with past NHC director wasn't dedication to QuikScat; it was ability to interact effectively with forecasters.

But he was right about the satellite, though.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Klad, please don't spam up wunderground with your site. Just recommend it, we're here to discuss weather as well with your site.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting futuremet:
nice pic severehurricane


Thank You FutureMet.
Member Since: September 7, 2008 Posts: 17 Comments: 1604
Quoting SevereHurricane:
Can you imagine how much worse we could have been hit by past storms if there were no Caribbean Islands? Just an intresting thought.



That is a very scary thought
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
Friday


Saturday


Saturday 22:00 EDT

Cooler southwesterly winds over TAS and VIC, reaching central NSW. Chance of some isolated storms for inland NSW with a trough. There is a high chance of a cyclone developing off the north WA coast, bringing strong winds and thundery rain to coastal regions.
Issued Thursday 11:36 EDT

Possible TC Gabrielle??
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15935
Thanks Hahaguy

Kladdsimon

Great site....just go easy on the advertising

try not to post the same thing 4 times in a row
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
futuremet i just watched your recent video on your you tube page and i have to say great job on it.
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
nice pic severehurricane
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
A lot of things would be different without the islands.

Not sure if we would have a Loop Current or Gulf Stream. The northwest Carribean would not have near the oceanic heat content.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting SevereHurricane:
Can you imagine how much worse we could have been hit by past storms if there were no Caribbean Islands? Just an intresting thought.



I assure you that would have been Hurricane Ernesto if it didn't hit the Islands. Those SST's were hot in 2006.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
&2 that would be a disaster Cuba saves us from a cat five near new Orleans
Member Since: März 29, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2373
Quoting presslord:
my wife and son have da flu....and I don't feel so great myself...Might have to go to the Bar-O-Clinic for treatment......

Just pull out the rum my friend, cures everything... from Flu to Hurricane depression
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Can you imagine how much worse we could have been hit by past storms if there were no Caribbean Islands? Just an intresting thought.

Member Since: September 7, 2008 Posts: 17 Comments: 1604
71. Skyepony (Mod)
95S
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Joint Typhoon Warning Center

Tropical Disturbance Summary (2330z 25FEB)
============================================
an area of convection [95S) near 13.6S 127.1E or 260 nm west-southwest of Darwin. Animated infrared imagery and animated composite radar indicates a low level circulation center is beginning to rapidly consolidate and build deep convection near the center. Upper level analysis indicates the LLCC is under low to moderate vertical wind shear with good outflow. Additionally sea surface temperatures are very favorable for increased development if the LLCC moves across the Kimberly coast into the Indian Ocean.

Maximum sustained surface winds are estimated at 20 to 25 knots and minimum sea level pressure at 1003 mb. The potential for the development of a significant tropical cyclone within the next 24 hours is FAIR.
Member Since: Mai 24, 2006 Posts: 51 Comments: 45309
28 not really a secret now is it
Member Since: März 29, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2373
Great weather here, lovin it!!!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
The NHC has finished with their postseason reports... they have both the EPac and the Atlantic finished... the maps are up... and that possible subtropical storm is not in the database...

here's the official track map:
Member Since: Oktober 15, 2008 Posts: 11 Comments: 2312
CycloneOz had quite the footage and was a stringer feed for CNN during Dolly I believe.
Member Since: Juli 3, 2005 Posts: 424 Comments: 128344
I'll save 'em one at a time futuremet, thanks.

neat link Pat.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:
Futuremet does a fine job with those educational productions,...

Many dont know,..but the wunderground has its own YouTUBE channel with lotsa videos from bloggers and folks worldwide.

Check it out Link


Don't forget CycloneOz...he uploaded the best hurricane footage I have seen so far on you tube..Simply amazing.

After watching this video, you may wonder....was this cane really a cat 2?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
It is a series...so far only one video have been added. Initially, I expected this to be a three part video series, however, I got really carried away. As I began working on the project, new ideas started forming...and just could not let these go.

This videos series will be at least 8 videsos, because I will talk about in detail about every aspect of baroclinity. I get carried away too much, even in forecasts lol.

A new video will likely be uploaded this afternoon or tomorrow
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Futuremet does a fine job with those educational productions,...

Many dont know,..but the wunderground has its own YouTUBE channel with lotsa videos from bloggers and folks worldwide.

Check it out Link
Member Since: Juli 3, 2005 Posts: 424 Comments: 128344
my wife and son have da flu....and I don't feel so great myself...Might have to go to the Bar-O-Clinic for treatment......
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Futuremet, can you post a link to all three videos, that I can save?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
speaking of "old timers"...I still use them slide rules.

That's why I need good pencils...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I was in a Bar-O-clinic the other day,..and the Dr. Said the Bar was Fine.

I agreed
Member Since: Juli 3, 2005 Posts: 424 Comments: 128344
Thank you Presslord
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
A Faber Castell...impressive


Tyvm keith,..you have excellent Pencils
Member Since: Juli 3, 2005 Posts: 424 Comments: 128344
futuremet...you do a great job....as long as I'm around, you'll have at least one student....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:


To confuse you old timers :)


You meant, of course, to say "us" old timers....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Link

Here's your pencil...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.